GETTING TO KNOW THE ERGONOMICS AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHODS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Ergonomics, Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Performance evaluation, ProKnow-C.

Resumo

Considering that the most significant impact of accidents is on the worker themself, ergonomics with its systemic approach considering the domains of specialization can contribute to planning and executing the OHSMS, particularly with the use of more accurate indicators to evaluate the system's performance. This article aims to identify and characterize the methodologies and indicators used to assess the OHSMS through an RSL. To select and analyze articles on OHSMS evaluation methods, ProKnow-C was applied, using Advanced and Systemic Analyzes, to identify the types of methods and the organization's scope and participation. As a result, it was possible to identify that, in the 28 studies analyzed, a normative or descriptive approach was used, generic in 12 and specific in six. In contrast, the context was generic in three studies and specific in six. Furthermore, 28 selected works are based on generic indicators, 18 used Leading indicators, and ten used the combination of Lagging and Leading indicators without mentioning or analyzing the ergonomics domains of specialization. Likewise, it was evident that they did not analyze the organizational context to define the indicators. It is considered that the assessment components must be defined based on the organization's context, helping to identify the problems and critical situations that interfere with the risk management activities. Thus, the organization can define how to manage the workers and contribute to their well-being, allowing continuous improvements in the OHSMS. All of this supports the need to develop assessment methodologies using specific indicators to the organization's context.

Biografia do Autor

Carmen Elena Martinez Riascos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC

Doutoranda em Engenharia de Produção na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Mestre em energia pela Universidade Federal do ABC, Esp em Higiene e Segurança Industrial pela Universidade Autonoma de Occidente, Engenheira Industrial pela Universidad del Valle.

Sandra Rolim Ensslin, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Possui graduação em Ciência Contábeis pela Universidade Católica de Pelotas, mestrado em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, doutorado em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina e Pós-Doutorado pela Universidad de Valencia - Espanha. 

Eugenio Andrés Díaz Merino, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Possui graduação em Desenho Industrial pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, mestrado em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina e doutorado em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. 

Referências

Ale, B. J. M., Baksteen, H., Bellamy, L. J., Bloemhof, A., Goossens, L., Hale, A., & Whiston, J. Y. (2008). Quantifying occupational risk: The development of an occupational risk model. Safety Science, 46(2), 176–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2007.02.001

Barbeau, E., Roelofs, C., Youngstrom, R., Sorensen, G., Stoddard, A., & Lamontagne, A. . (2004). Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Programs in Small Businesses. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 45(November 2003), 371–379. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.10336.

Bititci, U., Garengo, P., Dörfler, V., & Nudurupati, S. (2012). Performance Measurement: Challenges for Tomorrow. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(3), 305–327. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00318.x

Burke, M. J., Sarpy, S. A., Tesluk, P. E., & Smith-Crowe, K. (2002). General safety performance: A test of a grounded theoretical model. Personnel Psychology, 55, 429–457. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2002.tb00116.x

Cadieux, J., Roy, M., & Desmarais, L. (2006). A preliminary validation of a new measure of occupational health and safety. Journal of Safety Research, 37(4), 413–419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2006.04.008

Cardoso, T. L., Ensslin, S. R., Ensslin, L., Ripoll-Feliu, V. M., & Dutra, A. (2015). Reflexões para avanço na área de Avaliação e Gestão do Desempenho das universidades: uma análise da literatura científica. Seminários Em Administração (XVIII SEMEAD). https://doi.org/http://sistema.semead.com.br/18semead/resultado/trabalhosPDF/205.pdf

Cox, S. ., & Cheyne, A. J. . (2000). Assessing safety culture in offshore environments. Safety Science, 34(1), 111–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00009-6

Curcuruto, M., Griffin, M. A., & Hodkiewicz, M. R. (2017). Dynamic safety capability and organizational management systems: An assessment tool to evaluate the “fitness-to-operate” in high-risk industrial environments. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 57(May), 289–294. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1757049

Deighan, C., Lansdown, T., & Brotherton, C. (2009). Using “stage of change” and “business activity models” to assess and improve health and safety behaviours in SMEs. Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 7(1), 69–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/14774003.2009.11667729

Dutra, A., Ensslin, S. R., Ensslin, L., Ripoll-Feliu, V. M., & Fillol, A. G. (2015). The construction of knowledge from the scientific literature about the theme seaport performance evaluation. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 64(2), 243–269. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijppm-01-2014-0015

Ensslin, L, Ensslin, S. ., Dutra, A., Nunes, N. ., & Reis, C. (2017). BPM governance: a literature analysis of performance evaluation. Business Process Management Journal, 23(1), 71–86. https://doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-11-2015-0159

Ensslin, Leonardo, Ensslin, S. R., & Pacheco, G. C. (2012). Um estudo sobre segurança em estádios de futebol baseado na análise bibliométrica da literatura internacional A study about safety in football stadiums based on bibliometric analysis of international literature. Perspectivas Em Ciência de Informação, 17(2), 71–91. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-99362012000200006

Ensslin, S. R., Ensslin, L., Imlau, J. M., & Chaves, L. C. (2014). Processo de Mapeamento das Publicações Científicas de um Tema : Portfólio Bibliográfico e Análise Bibliométrica sobre avaliação de desempenho de cooperativas de produção agropecuária. Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural, 52(3), 587–608. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-20032014000300010

Fernández-Muñiz, B., Montes-Peón, J. M., & Vázquez-Ordás, C. J. (2007). Safety management system: Development and validation of a multidimensional scale. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 20(1), 52–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2006.10.002

Ghalayini, A. M., & Noble, J. S. (1996). The changing basis of performance measurement. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 16(8), 63–80. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443579610125787

Grote, G., & Künzler, C. (2000). Diagnosis of safety culture in safety management audits. Safety Science, 34(1–3), 131–150. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00010-2

Hoffmeister, K., Gibbons, A., Schwatka, N., & Rosecrance, J. (2015). Ergonomics Climate Assessment: A measure of operational performance and employee well-being. Applied Ergonomics, 50, 160–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2015.03.011

Hsiao, Y.-L., Drury, C., Wu, C., & Paquet, V. (2013). Predictive models of safety based on audit findings: Part 2: Measurement of model validity. Applied Ergonomics, 44(4), 659–666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2013.01.003

Hsiao, Y. L., Drury, C., Wu, C., & Paquet, V. (2013). Predictive models of safety based on audit findings: Part 1: Model development and reliability. Applied Ergonomics, 44(2), 261–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2012.07.010

IEA. (2019). International Ergonomics Association. Definition and Domains of Ergonomics. http://www.iea.cc

ILO. (2019). International Labour Organization. www.ilo.org

Ketola, J., Liuhamo, M., & Mattila, M. (2002). Application of Performance-Excellence Criteria to Improvement of Occupational Safety. 12(4), 407–426. https://doi.org/10.1002/hfm.10024

Khodabocus, B. F., & Constant, K. C. (2010). Implementing OHSAS 18001:2007: A Case Study of Hazard Analysis from the Printing Industry. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 1, 17–27. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.1.17

LaMontagne, A. D., Barbeau, E., Youngstrom, R. A., Lewiton, M., Stoddard, A., McLellan, D., Wallace, L. M., & Sorensen, G. (2004). Assessing and intervening on OSH programmes: effectiveness evaluation of the Wellworks-2 intervention in 15 manufacturing worksites. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61(8), 651–660. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2003.011718

Law, W. K., Chan, a. H. S., & Pun, K. F. (2006). Prioritising the safety management elements. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(6), 778–792. https://doi.org/10.1108/02635570610671470

Lin, J., & Mills, A. (2001). Measuring the occupational health and safety performance of construction companies in Australia. Facilities, 19, 131–139. https://doi.org/10.1108/02632770110381676

Lingard, H., Wakefield, R., & Cashin, P. (2011). The development and testing of a hierarchical measure of project OHS performance. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 18(1), 30–49. https://doi.org/10.1108/09699981111098676

Neely, A. (1999). The performance measurement revolution: why now and what next? International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 19(2), 205–228. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443579910247437

Neely, A., Gregory, M., & Platts, K. W. (1995). Performance measurement system design: a literature review and research agenda. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 15(4), 80–116. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570510633639

Podgorski, D. (2000). Occupational Health and Safety Management in Polish Enterprises Implementing Total Quality Management Systems. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 6(sup1), 85–101. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2000.11105110

Podgórski, D. (2015). Measuring operational performance of OSH management system - A demonstration of AHP-based selection of leading key performance indicators. Safety Science, 73, 146–166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2014.11.018

Pourreza, P., Saberi, M., Azadeh, A., Chang, E., & Hussain, O. (2018). Health, Safety, Environment and Ergonomic Improvement in Energy Sector Using an Integrated Fuzzy Cognitive Map–Bayesian Network Model. International Journal of Fuzzy Systems, 20(4), 1346–1356. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40815-018-0461-z

Ramli, A. A., Watada, J., & Pedrycz, W. (2011). Possibilistic regression analysis of influential factors for occupational health and safety management systems. Safety Science, 49(8–9), 1110–1117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2011.02.014

Redinger, C. F., Levine, S. P., Blotzer, M. J., & Majewski, M. P. (2002a). Evaluation of an Occupational Health and Safety Management System Performance Measurement Tool—II: Scoring Methods and Field Study Sites. AIHA Journal, 63(1), 34–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/15428110208984689

Redinger, C. F., Levine, S. P., Blotzer, M. J., & Majewski, M. P. (2002b). Evaluation of an occupational health and safety management system performance measurement tool - III: Measurement of initiation elements. Aihaj, 63(1), 41–46. https://doi.org/10.1202/0002-8894(2002)063<0041:EOAOHA>2.0.CO;2

Robson, L. S., Clarke, J. A., Cullen, K., Bielecky, A., Severin, C., Bigelow, P. L., Irvin, E., Culyer, A., & Mahood, Q. (2007). The effectiveness of occupational health and safety management system interventions: A systematic review. Safety Science, 45(3), 329–353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2006.07.003

Saedi, A. M., Thambirajah, J. J., & Pariatamby, A. (2014). A HIRARC model for safety and risk evaluation at a hydroelectric power generation plant. Safety Science, 70, 308–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2014.05.013

Seixas, N., Crollard, A., Neitzel, R., Stover, B., & Dominguez, C. (2013). Intervening at the bottom: Can a health and safety committee intervention influence management commitment? Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 11(1), 61–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/14774003.2013.11667785

Sgourou, E., Katsakiori, P., Goutsos, S., & Manatakis, E. (2010). Assessment of selected safety performance evaluation methods in regards to their conceptual, methodological and practical characteristics. Safety Science, 48(8), 1019–1025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2009.11.001

Shikdar, A. A., & Sawaqed, N. M. (2004). Ergonomics, and occupational health and safety in the oil industry: A managers’ response. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 47(2–3), 223–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2004.07.004

Torp, S., & Moen, B. E. (2006). The effects of occupational health and safety management on work environment and health: A prospective study. Applied Ergonomics, 37(6), 775–783. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2005.11.005

Valmorbida, S. M. ., Ensslin, S. ., Ensslin, L., & Ripoll-Feliu, V. . (2016). Rankings universitários mundiais: que dizem os estudos internacionais? REICE. Revista Iberoamericana Sobre Calidad, Eficacia y Cambio En Educación, 14(2), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.15366/reice2016.14.2.001

Valmorbida, S. M. I., & Ensslin, S. R. (2015). Avaliação de Desempenho de Rankings Universitários: Revisão da Literatura e diretrizes para futuras investigações. Anais Do Encontro Da ANPAD (XXXIX EnANPAD 2015).

van Holland, B. J., Boer, M. R. de, Brouwer, S., Soer, R., & Reneman, M. F. (2012). Sustained employability of workers in a production environment: design of a stepped wedge trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost-benefit of the POSE program. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 1003. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-1003

Wurzelbacher, S., & Jin, Y. (2011). A framework for evaluating OSH program effectiveness using leading and trailing metrics. Journal of Safety Research, 42(3), 199–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2011.04.001

Zhao, T., Kazemi, S. E., Liu, W., & Zhang, M. (2018). The Last Mile: Safety Management Implementation in Construction Sites. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2018(Figure 1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4901707

Downloads

Publicado

2021-12-31

Edição

Seção

Artigos