Modelos de distritos industriais sob a ótica da sustentabilidade: uma revisão bibliográfica

Autores

  • Rodrigo Bruno Santolin Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.
  • Carla Schwengber ten Caten Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.

Palavras-chave:

Distrito marshalliano, Distrito italiano, Eco parque industrial, Distrito industrial sustentável

Resumo

As aglomerações em distritos industriais permitem que pequenas e médias empresas consigam competir e sobreviver no mercado dinâmico e globalizado. Esta pesquisa objetivou definir o conceito de distritos industriais, apresentar sua evolução ao longo do tempo bem como identificar quais são os modelos existentes e quais as suas relações com sustentabilidade. Foram caracterizados três modelos: i) o modelo marshalliano, ii) o modelo italiano; e iii) o modelo eco parque industrial. Constatou-se que, cronologicamente, ambos evoluíram simultaneamente à aprimoração do conceito de sustentabilidade. O modelo marshallianoconsidera apenas o aspecto econômico, já o modelo italiano evoluiu incluindo os aspectos sociais e por fim, o modelo eco parque industrial busca a harmonia entre o socioambiental e econômico.   10.13084/2175-8018/ijie.v7n14ep129-150

Biografia do Autor

Rodrigo Bruno Santolin, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.

Mestre em Engenharia de Produção, Departamento de Engenharia de Produção e Transportes,Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.

Carla Schwengber ten Caten, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.

Doutora, Professora, Departamento de Engenharia de Produção e Transportes, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS.

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2015-11-21

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